Water – The Reactive Building Block of Life

Water is essential for every living thing on our planet, without it, there would be no life on earth. That's why scientists involved in space exploration are always searching for the presence of H2O, as it could indicate life has formed on other planets.

But why is this chemical compound so important? To find an answer, we need to first consider its extremely reactive nature. It reacts to temperature and can also be used to clean and transport different materials. In part, this is due to its structure which we will explain as we look at the chemistry of water:

Water consists of an oxygen atom, with the chemical element symbol O, and two hydrogen atoms which have the chemical element symbol H, so the complete chemical formula is H2O. Basically, an atom can be thought of as electrons, or negatively charged particles, revolving around an atomic nucleus. The nucleus consists of protons, positively charged particles, and neutrons, neutral particles. Atoms always try to complete their outer electron shells. The first shell consists of two electrons and in the second shell we can find up to eight. Oxygen, with a total of eight electrons, thus has two electrons in the inner and six electrons in its outer shell.

Hydrogen is the lightest element with only one proton and one electron. Oxygen reacts with hydrogen because hydrogen can lock-on and share its electrons. When two hydrogen atoms lock-on to an oxygen atom, the two electrons from the two hydrogen atoms fill and complete the outer shell of the oxygen atom. This simultaneously creates two poles within the molecule. The electrons from the two hydrogen atoms are attracted by the oxygen atom, so a slight positive charge is generated on the two hydrogen’s nuclei side, while on the side of the oxygen’s nucleus, a slight negative charge can be found. Therefore, H2O is also referred to as a dipole - a molecule with 2 poles.

What Factors Influence the Behaviour of Water?

As it reacts well with other substances, water makes an excellent solvent. How well it will dissolve other materials, depends on the following factors:

The temperature – it dissolves more effectively in a hot state.

The degree of saturation - when the level of saturation is high, its ability to dissolve a material will decrease.

The pH balance: Acidic matter dissolves better in alkaline liquids and alkaline matter dissolves better in acidic liquids.

The cluster size - the smaller the clusters or molecular groups, the better something can be dissolved in them.

Because the H2O molecule has 2 poles, it can combine well with other molecules. This is because the positively charged part locks to the negatively charged part of another. These connections, known as hydrogen bridges, can then be easily removed and re-established.

Several water molecules can group together to form clusters, or groups. Isolated molecules are rarely found, other than in locations like the upper atmosphere, where the pressure is very low. Clusters vary in size and this affects the quality of water. Smaller clusters are healthier for the human body since they can penetrate into cells easier and are better equipped to transport away waste materials. Small clusters can be produced by ionizing appliances, these restructure and ionize the water through electrolysis.

When water is ionized many of its molecules become electrically charged. During this process, positively charged H3O+ molecules and negatively charged OH- molecules are formed. The OH- molecules are alkaline and good for the body, supplying electrons and neutralizing free radicals, or free positively charged particles. The H3O+ molecules are acidic. Ionizers therefore always produce two different fluids, acidic and alkaline water. The alkaline product can be used up to a pH of 9.5, while the slightly acidic liquid can be used for skincare, or as a disinfectant. If it has a strongly alkaline pH value of 11, it is excellent for dissolving fats.

Water Molecule Infographic. transparent. Hydrogen and Oxygen.

Another Advantage of Using Water from An Ionizer Is Its Hexagonal Structure

A single molecule rarely occurs in this substance, instead, most appear in hexagonal clusters. The molecules cling together in the shape of a hexagon, resulting in a cluster that replicates this shape. Hexagonal clusters can dissolve and transport things easier, we even find them in the human body. However, studies have shown that with increasing age, the amount of these hexagonal molecular groups in our body decreases. While in a young and healthy body there is an abundance of hexagonal molecules. To what extent the drinking of hexagonal water influences the ageing process is not proven, but it is a fascinating proposition.

In some substances, hexagonal clusters occur naturally, but in water, they can be produced through the use of an ionizer. Furthermore, it is important that this kind of water has an excess of electrons through which it can supply a negative charge, and neutralize free radicals.

Tap Water Is Not Alkaline

Tap water is neutral rather than alkaline, it has a few small clusters and plenty of larger ones, with clusters rarely arranged as a hexagon. Tap water also has no surplus of electrons, indeed, it often suffers an electron deficiency. Filtered tap water will remain a good alternative to bottled, as when something passes through a filter, pollutants are reduced, but no restructuring takes place. It is important to filter out pollutants from tap water (which is why ionizers often have an internal filter and pre-filter) but restructuring the liquid to create small hexagonal clusters and an electron excess, is only possible through an ionizer.

Although bottled supplies can seem an excellent alternative to the tap, there are two main problems. First, when stored over a long period of time plastic bottles partially release chemical softeners into their contents, and second, gigantic mountains of plastic waste are produced which heavily pollute the world's oceans.

Waterfall with sun in the background. Turquoise water and stones in front.
With an ionizer at home, you can drink fresh water every day and carry it with you in glass or metal bottles without the risk of polluting it by plasticizers. Then you do not have to carry home big boxes of bottles from the supermarket anymore since your best supply is right in your kitchen at home!

If you want to understand more about the science of water, you could also read our article on the structure of atoms.

These information were not written by the American Food and Drug Administration, or any other official authority. This site and its products do not promise to diagnose and cure diseases, or protect you from them. Always consult your doctor when you are sick.